WSU CAHNRS

Washington State University Extension

Western Washington Tree Fruit & Alternative Fruits

Cider Associations & Groups

Cider Information

Pest Problems

Cider Information

History of Cider

Cider Research in the U.S.

Perry

Mechanical Harvest of Cider Apples

History of Cider

Hard Cider

Cider & Perry Production – A Foundation

Derived from the popular series taught by Peter Mitchell, this five-day course located in Washington’s Skagit Valley provides students with expert knowledge of cider and perry principles and practices. The curriculum includes information regarding cider culture, production, and business. Students of this course will participate in hands-on sensory demonstrations, laboratory exercises, and blending trials.

The five-day course involves hands-on practical lab work, lectures, workshops, and cider tastings that include:

• A detailed step-by-step guide to cider and perry production;

• An understanding of the chemistry and microbiology behind cider and perry;

• Practical training in the key skills of cider production and methods of laboratory analysis;

• Introduction to sensory analysis of cider and perry;

• Information on the business of cider, taught by Marcus Robert of Tieton Cider Works.

Dates: April 24th – April 28th, 2017
Times: 8:30am – 5:00pm
Location:
WSU Northwest Washington Research and Extension Center
16650 State Route 536
Mount Vernon, WA 98273
Register Online HERE:

For more information, contact:
Bri Ewing
(360) 416-5208
bri.ewing@wsu.edu

Cider Apple Orcharding Workshop

The WSU NWREC in Mount Vernon, WA is offering a cider apple orcharding workshop to teach the fundamentals of growing cider apples in the Pacific Northwest. Students will receive knowledge from orcharding experts Clive Kaiser and Cameron Burt and will participate in hands-on practices. Registration includes workshop notes, materials, lunch, and beverages.

Dates: Apr 29th, 2017
Times: 8:30am – 5:00pm
Location:
WSU Northwest Washington Research and Extension Center
16650 State Route 536
Mount Vernon, WA 98273
Register Online HERE:

For more information, contact:
Bri Ewing
(360) 416-5208
bri.ewing@wsu.edu

 

Cider Research at WSU NWREC

The cider apple research program was started at WSU Mount Vernon NWREC in 1979 with the planting of 2-4 trees each of 6 cider apple varieties. Today we have more than 70 varieties in our research orchards. We are carrying out research studies to characterize juice and varietal cider, investigate mechanical harvest and impact on fruit juice and cider characteristics, develop an effective management plan for apple anthracnose in western Washington and develop an effective management plan for apple anthracnose canker.

Variety Trial: Beginning in 2002, we have evaluated juice characteristics of the apple varieties planted in the WSU cider apple research orchard. Each year we select a few varieties and with the assistance of an expert cider maker we ferment each one sperately to create a varietal cider, which is then evaluated by a trained sensory panel.

Regional Cultivar Performance: From 2012 to 2015, the juice characteristics of four cider cultivars (Brown Snout, Dabinett, Kingston Black and Yarlington Mill) were compared for 4 orchards, 2 located in northwest WA (Alpenfire & WSU NWREC) and 2 located in central WA (Snowdrift & Tieton).

Mechanical Harvest Proof of Concept: From 2011 to 2015, the suitability of using an over-the-row mechanical harvester to harvest ‘Brown Snout’ cider apple was evaluated in terms of impact on fruit, impact on juice, and impact on the trees. Evaluation of impact on cider characteristics is slated to begin in 2016.

Apple Anthracnose Management: From 2014 to present, the lifecycle and disease cycle of this fungal pathogen is being studied in western Washington. We are evaluating spray treatments and cultural practices (carving out cankers and applying bleach, burning, copper sprays) to control apple anthracnose.

Research Reports

Results of the trial are included in the following annual Reports:

2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2005, 2004, 2003

Publications

Hard Cider Production and Orchard Management in the Pacific Northwest (PNW 621) (11/2010)
New basic manual for hard cider making, based on variety evaluations and cider trials at WSU Mount Vernon NWREC. Order online.

Cost estimation of establishing a cider apple orchard in Western Washington. Wash. State Univ. Ext. Pub. FS141E. Galinato, S.P., Gallardo, R.K., and Miles, C.A. (2014)

Yield, Labor, and Fruit and Juice Quality Characteristics of Machine and Hand-harvested ‘Brown Snout ‘Specialty Cider Apple. Miles, C.A. and J. King. 2014. HortTechnology 24(5): 519-526.

More Cider Information

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